Patient Care at Center at Interoperability
CMS and ONC get serious about interoperability during HIMSS.
During the HIMSS 19 conference in Orlando last week, the heads of the Office of the National Coordinator (ONC) for Health Information Technology and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) took extraordinary steps by discussing the content of two proposed rules to be published shortly. Donald Rucker, MD, head of the ONC, and Seema Verma, CMS Administrator, used the annual healthcare IT event to promote interoperability, long a goal of HIMSS.
These rules would create a structure to allow patients to electronically receive their clinical data and their claims data with standardized, easy-to-use applications. The rules would require electronic health records (EHRs) and Medicare, Medicaid, Medicare Advantage, and Exchange health plans to have a specific technology in place that allows for individuals and providers to easily access standardized data and formats. This will enable app developers to take that data and use it to benefit patients and their caregivers.
The ONC proposed rule focuses primarily on EHR certification requirements. To be newly certified, EHRs must:
Use the Health Level 7 (HL7®) Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR®) standard, along with a set of implementation specifications that would provide known technical requirements against which app developers and other innovative services can be built.
Provide API access to and search capabilities for all data proposed as part of the United States Core Data for Interoperability (USCDI) for a single patient and multiple patients.
Support secure connections that include authentication and authorization capabilities in ways that enable, for example, patients to use an app to access their EHI without needing to log in each time they use the app.
Not only would this give patients access to their data, but it also would enable easy movement of data for a provider if they choose to switch EHRs, and for patients if they choose to switch providers. Note that the proposed rule also says that this data should be made available at no cost to the patient.
The CMS proposed rule would place similar requirements on Medicare, Medicaid, and Exchange health plans to make claims data available to individuals. These plans (Medicare Advantage (MA) organizations, state Medicaid and CHIP FFS programs, Medicaid managed care plans, CHIP managed care entities, and QHP issuers in FFEs) would be required to implement openly published Health Level Seven (HL7®) Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR®)-based APIs to make patient claims and other health information available to patients through third-party applications and developers.
These plans also would be required provide the data to enable patients to switch among plans, and make their provider directories available through these same standardized APIs.
The agencies have now adopted specific technology and data content standards so that data can move freely throughout the healthcare system. CMS and ONC believe that this data availability is central to moving the industry forward to coordinated care and value-based payment models.
There are a number of other provisions and requests for information in the rules, including prohibitions against information blocking (and exceptions), as well as for standards advancement and patient matching. Comments on the proposed rules will be due by mid-April.